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Polynomiality, wall crossings and tropical geometry of rational double hurwitz cycles
[OWP201213] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 20121204)We study rational double Hurwitz cycles, i.e. loci of marked rational stable curves admitting a map to the projective line with assigned ramification profiles over two fixed branch points. Generalizing the phenomenon ... 
Polytopes  combinatorics and computation
[OWS29] (Birkhäuser Basel, 2000)Questions that arose from linear programming and combinatorial optimization have been a driving force for modern polytope theory, such as the diameter questions motivated by the desire to understand the complexity of the ... 
Positional Games
[OWS44] (Birkhäuser Basel, 2014)This text is based on a lecture course given by the authors in the framework of Oberwolfach Seminars at the Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach in May, 2013. It is intended to serve as a thorough introduction to ... 
Positive Line Bundles Over the Irreducible Quantum Flag Manifolds
[OWP202001] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 20200203)Noncommutative Kähler structures were recently introduced by the third author as a framework for studying noncommutative Kähler geometry on quantum homogeneous spaces. It was subsequently observed that the notion of a ... 
Positive Margins and Primary Decomposition
[OWP201206] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2012)We study random walks on contingency tables with fixed marginals, corresponding to a (loglinear) hierarchical model. If the set of allowed moves is not a Markov basis, then there exist tables with the same marginals that ... 
Positive recurrence of piecewise OrnteinUhlenbeck processes and common quadratic Lyapunov functions
[OWP201126] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2011)We study the positive recurrence of piecewise OrnsteinUhlenbeck (OU) diffusion processes, which arise from manyserver queueing systems with phasetype service requirements. These diffusion processes exhibit different ... 
Positive Scalar Curvature and Applications
[SNAP2019004EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 20190425)We introduce the idea of curvature, including how it developed historically, and focus on the scalar curvature of a manifold. A major current research topic involves understanding positive scalar curvature. We discuss ... 
0208a  Positivität von Polynomen
[TB20028] (2002)  (17 Feb  23 Feb 2002) 
Positivity of the Tsystem cluster algebra
[OWP200921] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 20090314)We give the path model solution for the cluster algebra variables of the $A_r$ Tsystem with generic boundary conditions. The solutions are partition functions of (strongly) nonintersecting paths on weighted graphs. The ... 
A potential reduction algorithm for twoperson zerosum mean payoff stochastic games
[OWP201519] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2015)We suggest a new algorithm for twoperson zerosum undiscounted stochastic games focusing on stationary strategies. Given a positive real $\epsilon$, let us call a stochastic game $\epsilon$ergodic, if its values from any ... 
Preconditioning of Block Tridiagonal Matrices
[OWP200805] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 20080309)Preconditioning methods via approximate block factorization for block tridiagonal matrices are studied. Bounds for the resulting condition numbers are given, and two methods for the recursive construction of the approximate ... 
Prediction and Quantification of Individual Athletic Performance
[OWP201511] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 20150827)We present a novel, quantitative view on the human athletic performance of individuals. We obtain a predictor for athletic running performances, a parsimonious model, and a training state summary consisting of three numbers, ... 
Prime tuples in function fields
[SNAP2016010EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2016)How many prime numbers are there? How are they distributed among other numbers? These are questions that have intrigued mathematicians since ancient times. However, many questions in this area have remained unsolved, and ... 
0621  Prop Extensions of Global Fields and prop Groups
[OWR200625] (2006)  (21 May  27 May 2006) 
1521  Probabilistic Techniques in Modern Statistics
[OWR201526] (2015)  (17 May  23 May 2015)The aim of the workshop was to bring together researchers in modern probability theory and statistics to discuss recent advances and challenging open problems at the intersection of both fields. It focussed on the most ... 
0211  Probability and Statistics of Random Algebraic Structures
[TB200214] (2002)  (10 Mar  16 Mar 2002) 
1445a  Probability, Trees and Algorithms
[OWR201450] (2014)  (02 Nov  08 Nov 2014)The subject of this workshop were probabilistic aspects of algorithms for fundamental problems such as sorting, searching, selecting of and within data, random permutations, algorithms based on combinatorial trees or search ... 
Das Problem der Kugelpackung
[SNAP2016004DE] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2016)Wie würdest du Tennisbälle oder Orangen stapeln? Oder allgemeiner formuliert: Wie dicht lassen sich identische 3dimensionale Objekte überschneidungsfrei anordnen? Das Problem, welches auch Anwendungen in der digitalen ... 
Products of pairs of Dehn twists and maximal real Lefschetz fibrations
[OWP201132] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2011)We address the problem of existence and uniqueness of a factorization of a given element of the modular group into a product of two Dehn twists. As a geometric application, we conclude that any maximal real elliptic ...