Calculating conjugacy classes in Sylow p-subgroups of finite Chevalley groups of rank six and seven
MFO Scientific ProgramResearch in Pairs 2012
Goodwin, Simon M.
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Let $G(q)$ be a finite Chevalley group, where $q$ is a power of a good prime $p$, and let $U(q)$ be a Sylow $p$-subgroup of $G(q)$. Then a generalized version of a conjecture of Higman asserts that the number $k(U(q))$ of conjugacy classes in $U(q)$ is given by a polynomial in $q$ with integer coefficients. In , the first and the third authors developed an algorithm to calculate the values of $k(U(q))$. By implementing it into a computer program using GAP, they were able to calculate $k(U(q))$ for $G$ of rank at most 5, thereby proving that for these cases $k(U(q))$ is given by a polynomial in $q$. In this paper we present some refinements and improvements of the algorithm that allow us to calculate the values of $k(U(q))$ for finite Chevalley groups of rank six and seven, except $E_7$. We observe that $k(U(q))$ is a polynomial, so that the generalized Higman conjecture holds for these groups. Moreover, if we write $k(U(q))$ as a polynomial in $q-1$, then the coefficients are non-negative. Under the assumption that $k(U(q))$ is a polynomial in $q-1$, we also give an explicit formula for the coefficients of $k(U(q))$ of degrees zero, one and two.