• Positive Scalar Curvature and Applications 

      [SNAP-2019-004-ENSNAP-2019-004-ES] Rosenberg, Jonathan; Wraith, David (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2019-04-25)
      [also available in Spanish] We introduce the idea of curvature, including how it developed historically, and focus on the scalar curvature of a manifold. A major current research topic involves understanding positive scalar ...
    • Quantum symmetry 

      [SNAP-2020-009-EN] Caspers, Martijn (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2020-12-31)
      The symmetry of objects plays a crucial role in many branches of mathematics and physics. It allowed, for example, the early prediction of the existence of new small particles. “Quantum symmetry” concerns a generalized ...
    • Random matrix theory: Dyson Brownian motion 

      [SNAP-2020-002-EN] Finocchio, Gianluca (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2020-04-15)
      The theory of random matrices was introduced by John Wishart (1898–1956) in 1928. The theory was then developed within the field of nuclear physics from 1955 by Eugene Paul Wigner (1902–1995) and later by Freeman John ...
    • Searching for structure in complex data: a modern statistical quest 

      [SNAP-2021-003-EN] Loh, Po-Ling (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2021-03-29)
      Current research in statistics has taken interesting new directions, as data collected from scientific studies has become increasingly complex. At first glance, the number of experiments conducted by a scientist must ...
    • Shape space – a paradigm for character animation in computer graphics 

      [SNAP-2020-007-EN] Heeren, Behrend; Rumpf, Martin (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2020-10-07)
      Nowadays 3D computer animation is increasingly realistic as the models used for the characters become more and more complex. These models are typically represented by meshes of hundreds of thousands or even millions ...
    • Snake graphs, perfect matchings and continued fractions 

      [SNAP-2019-001-EN] Schiffler, Ralf (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2019-02-13)
      A continued fraction is a way of representing a real number by a sequence of integers. We present a new way to think about these continued fractions using snake graphs, which are sequences of squares in the plane. You ...
    • Touching the transcendentals: tractional motion from the bir th of calculus to future perspectives 

      [SNAP-2019-013-EN] Milici, Pietro (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2019-11-21)
      When the rigorous foundation of calculus was developed, it marked an epochal change in the approach of mathematicians to geometry. Tools from geometry had been one of the foundations of mathematics until the 17th century ...
    • Vertex-to-Self Trajectories on the Platonic Solids 

      [SNAP-2020-003-EN] Athreya, Jayadev S.; Aulicino, David (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2020-04-15)
      We consider the problem of walking in a straight line on the surface of a Platonic solid. While the tetrahedron, octahedron, cube, and icosahedron all exhibit the same behavior, we find a remarkable difference with the ...