Browsing 2  Snapshots of Modern Mathematics from Oberwolfach by Snapshot Mathematical Subject "Algebra and Number Theory"
Now showing items 2131 of 31

Quantum symmetry
[SNAP2020005EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 20200604)In mathematics, symmetry is usually captured using the formalism of groups. However, the developments of the past few decades revealed the need to go beyond groups: to “quantum groups”. We explain the passage from ... 
Random matrix theory: Dyson Brownian motion
[SNAP2020002EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 20200415)The theory of random matrices was introduced by John Wishart (1898–1956) in 1928. The theory was then developed within the field of nuclear physics from 1955 by Eugene Paul Wigner (1902–1995) and later by Freeman John ... 
Snake graphs, perfect matchings and continued fractions
[SNAP2019001EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 20190213)A continued fraction is a way of representing a real number by a sequence of integers. We present a new way to think about these continued fractions using snake graphs, which are sequences of squares in the plane. You ... 
Solving quadratic equations in many variables
[SNAP2017012EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 20171230)Fields are number systems in which every linear equation has a solution, such as the set of all rational numbers $\mathbb{Q}$ or the set of all real numbers $\mathbb{R}$. All fields have the same properties in relation ... 
Special values of zeta functions and areas of triangles
[SNAP2015010EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2015)In this snapshot we give a glimpse of the interplay of special values of zeta functions and volumes of triangles. Special values of zeta functions and their generalizations arise in the computation of volumes of moduli ... 
Swallowtail on the shore
[SNAP2014007EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2014)Platonic solids, Felix Klein, H.S.M. Coxeter and a flap of a swallowtail: The five Platonic solids tetrahedron, cube, octahedron, icosahedron and dodecahedron have always attracted much curiosity from mathematicians, not ... 
Symmetry and characters of finite groups
[SNAP2016005EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2016)Over the last two centuries mathematicians have developed an elegant abstract framework to study the natural idea of symmetry. The aim of this snapshot is to gently guide the interested reader through these ideas. In ... 
The ternary Goldbach problem
[SNAP2014003ENSNAP2014003DE] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2014)Leonhard Euler (1707–1783) – one of the greatest mathematicians of the eighteenth century and of all times – often corresponded with a friend of his, Christian Goldbach (1690–1764), an amateur and polymath who lived and ... 
Touching the transcendentals: tractional motion from the bir th of calculus to future perspectives
[SNAP2019013EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 20191121)When the rigorous foundation of calculus was developed, it marked an epochal change in the approach of mathematicians to geometry. Tools from geometry had been one of the foundations of mathematics until the 17th century ... 
What does ">" really mean?
[SNAP2014004EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2014)This Snapshot is about the generalization of ">" from ordinary numbers to socalled fields. At the end, I will touch on some ideas in recent research. 
Zerodimensional symmetry
[SNAP2015003EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2015)This snapshot is about zerodimensional symmetry. Thanks to recent discoveries we now understand such symmetry better than previously imagined possible. While still far from complete, a picture of zerodimensional symmetry ...