Browsing 2  Snapshots of modern mathematics from Oberwolfach by Title
Now showing items 102121 of 123

Statistics and dynamical phenomena
[SNAP2014006EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2014)A friend of mine, an expert in statistical genomics, told me the following story: At a dinner party, an attractive lady asked him, "What do you do for a living?" He replied, "I model." As my friend is a handsome man, the ... 
A surprising connection between quantum mechanics and shallow water waves
[SNAP2019018EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 20191211)We describe a connection between quantum mechanics and nonlinear wave equations and highlight a few problems at the forefront of modern research in the intersection of these areas. 
Swallowtail on the shore
[SNAP2014007EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2014)Platonic solids, Felix Klein, H.S.M. Coxeter and a flap of a swallowtail: The five Platonic solids tetrahedron, cube, octahedron, icosahedron and dodecahedron have always attracted much curiosity from mathematicians, not ... 
Swarming robots
[SNAP2016001EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2016)When lots of robots come together to form shapes, spread in an area, or move in one direction, their motion has to be planned carefully. We discuss how mathematicians devise strategies to help swarms of robots behave like ... 
Symmetry and characters of finite groups
[SNAP2016005EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2016)Over the last two centuries mathematicians have developed an elegant abstract framework to study the natural idea of symmetry. The aim of this snapshot is to gently guide the interested reader through these ideas. In ... 
A tale of three curves
[SNAP2022010EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 20221027)In this snapshot, we give a survey of some problems in the study of rational points on higher genus curves, discussing questions ranging from the era of the ancient Greeks to a few posed by mathematicians of the 20th ... 
The ternary Goldbach problem
[SNAP2014003ENSNAP2014003DE] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2014)[also available in German] Leonhard Euler (1707–1783) – one of the greatest mathematicians of the eighteenth century and of all times – often corresponded with a friend of his, Christian Goldbach (1690–1764), an amateur ... 
Topological Complexity, Robotics and Social Choice
[SNAP2018005EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 20180810)Topological complexity is a number that measures how hard it is to plan motions (for robots, say) in terms of a particular space associated to the kind of motion to be planned. This is a burgeoning subject within the ... 
Topological recursion
[SNAP2018002EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 20180305)In this snapshot we present the concept of topological recursion – a new, surprisingly powerful formalism at the border of mathematics and physics, which has been actively developed within the last decade. After introducing ... 
Touching the transcendentals: tractional motion from the bir th of calculus to future perspectives
[SNAP2019013EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 20191121)When the rigorous foundation of calculus was developed, it marked an epochal change in the approach of mathematicians to geometry. Tools from geometry had been one of the foundations of mathematics until the 17th century ... 
Towards a Mathematical Theory of Turbulence in Fluids
[SNAP2016015EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2016)Fluid mechanics is the theory of how liquids and gases move around. For the most part, the basic physics are well understood and the mathematical models look relatively simple. Despite this, fluids display a dazzling mystery ... 
Tropical geometry
[SNAP2018007EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 20180719)What kind of strange spaces hide behind the enigmatic name of tropical geometry? In the tropics, just as in other geometries, one of the simplest objects is a line. Therefore, we begin our exploration by considering tropical ... 
Ultrafilter methods in combinatorics
[SNAP2021006EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 20210625)Given a set X, ultrafilters determine which subsets of X should be considered as large. We illustrate the use of ultrafilter methods in combinatorics by discussing two cornerstone results in Ramsey theory, namely ... 
Vertextoself trajectories on the platonic solids
[SNAP2020003EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 20200415)We consider the problem of walking in a straight line on the surface of a Platonic solid. While the tetrahedron, octahedron, cube, and icosahedron all exhibit the same behavior, we find a remarkable difference with the ... 
Visual analysis of Spanish male mortality
[SNAP2015012ENSNAP2015012DE] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2015)[also available in German] Statistical visualization uses graphical methods to gain insights from data. Here we show how a technique called principal component analysis is used to analyze mortality in Spain over about the ... 
What does ">" really mean?
[SNAP2014004EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2014)This Snapshot is about the generalization of ">" from ordinary numbers to socalled fields. At the end, I will touch on some ideas in recent research. 
What is pattern?
[SNAP2022009EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 20221025)Pattern is ubiquitous and seems totally familiar. Yet if we ask what it is, we find a bewildering collection of answers. Here we suggest that there is a common thread, and it revolves around dynamics. 
Wie steuert man einen Kran?
[SNAP2016007DE] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2016)Die Steuerung einer Last an einem Kran ist ein technisch und mathematisch schwieriges Problem, da die Bewegung der Last nur indirekt beeinflusst werden kann. Anhand eines MasseFederSystems illustrieren wir diese ... 
The Willmore Conjecture
[SNAP2016011EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2016)The Willmore problem studies which torus has the least amount of bending energy. We explain how to think of a torus as a donutshaped surface and how the intuitive notion of bending has been studied by mathematics over time. 
Winkeltreue zahlt sich aus
[SNAP2017001DE] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 20170823)Nicht nur Seefahrerinnen, auch Computergrafikerinnen und Physikerinnen wissen Winkeltreue zu schätzen. Doch beschränkte Rechenkapazitäten und Vereinfachungen in theoretischen Modellen erfordern es, winkeltreue Abbildungen ...