Now showing items 1-10 of 10
Seeing through rock with help from optimal transport
[SNAP-2022-004-EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2022-05-06)
Geophysicists and mathematicians work together to detect geological structures located deep within the earth by measuring and interpreting echoes from manmade earthquakes. This inverse problem naturally involves the ...
Emergence in biology and social sciences
[SNAP-2022-001-EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2022-03-31)
Mathematics is the key to linking scientific knowledge at different scales: from microscopic to macroscopic dynamics. This link gives us understanding on the emergence of observable patterns like flocking of birds, leaf ...
What is pattern?
[SNAP-2022-009-EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2022-10-25)
Pattern is ubiquitous and seems totally familiar. Yet if we ask what it is, we find a bewildering collection of answers. Here we suggest that there is a common thread, and it revolves around dynamics.
Searching for the monster in the trees
[SNAP-2022-003-EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2022-04-13)
The Monster finite simple group is almost unimaginably large, with about 8 × 1053 elements in it. Trying to understand such an immense object requires both theory and computer programs. In this snapshot, we discuss finite ...
Solving inverse problems with Bayes' theorem
[SNAP-2022-006-EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2022-09-05)
The goal of inverse problems is to find an unknown parameter based on noisy data. Such problems appear in a wide range of applications including geophysics, medicine, and chemistry. One method of solving them is known as ...
Representations and degenerations
[SNAP-2022-007-EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2022-10-25)
In this snapshot, we explain two important mathematical concepts (representation and degeneration) in elementary terms. We will focus on the simplest meaningful examples, and motivate both concepts by study of symmetry.
Jewellery from tessellations of hyperbolic space
[SNAP-2022-005-EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2022-06-02)
In this snapshot, we will first give an introduction to hyperbolic geometry and we will then show how certain matrix groups of a number-theoretic origin give rise to a large variety of interesting tessellations of 3-dimensional ...
A tale of three curves
[SNAP-2022-010-EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2022-10-27)
In this snapshot, we give a survey of some problems in the study of rational points on higher genus curves, discussing questions ranging from the era of the ancient Greeks to a few posed by mathematicians of the 20th ...
The Robinson–Schensted algorithm
[SNAP-2022-002-EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2022-05-06)
I am going to describe the Robinson–Schensted algorithm which transforms a permutation of the numbers from 1 to n into a pair of combinatorial objects called “standard Young tableaux”. I will then say a little bit about a ...
Biological shape analysis with geometric statistics and learning
[SNAP-2022-008-EN] (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2022-10-25)
The advances in biomedical imaging techniques have enabled us to access the 3D shapes of a variety of structures: organs, cells, proteins. Since biological shapes are related to physiological functions, shape data may hold ...