Counting Curves on Toric Surfaces Tropical Geometry & the Fock Space
MFO Scientific ProgramResearch in Pairs 2015
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We study the stationary descendant Gromov–Witten theory of toric surfaces by combining and extending a range of techniques – tropical curves, floor diagrams, and Fock spaces. A correspondence theorem is established between tropical curves and descendant invariants on toric surfaces using maximal toric degenerations. An intermediate degeneration is then shown to give rise to floor diagrams, giving a geometric interpretation of this well-known bookkeeping tool in tropical geometry. In the process, we extend floor diagram techniques to include descendants in arbitrary genus. These floor diagrams are then used to connect tropical curve counting to the algebra of operators on the bosonic Fock space, and are shown to coincide with the Feynman diagrams of appropriate operators. This extends work of a number of researchers, including Block–Göttche, Cooper–Pandharipande, and Block–Gathmann–Markwig.