• Ultrafilter methods in combinatorics 

      [SNAP-2021-006-EN] Goldbring, Isaac (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2021-06-25)
      Given a set X, ultrafilters determine which subsets of X should be considered as large. We illustrate the use of ultrafilter methods in combinatorics by discussing two cornerstone results in Ramsey theory, namely ...
    • Vertex-to-self trajectories on the platonic solids 

      [SNAP-2020-003-EN] Athreya, Jayadev S.; Aulicino, David (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2020-04-15)
      We consider the problem of walking in a straight line on the surface of a Platonic solid. While the tetrahedron, octahedron, cube, and icosahedron all exhibit the same behavior, we find a remarkable difference with the ...
    • Visual analysis of Spanish male mortality 

      [SNAP-2015-012-ENSNAP-2015-012-DE] Marron, J. S. (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2015)
      [also available in German] Statistical visualization uses graphical methods to gain insights from data. Here we show how a technique called principal component analysis is used to analyze mortality in Spain over about the ...
    • What does ">" really mean? 

      [SNAP-2014-004-EN] Reznick, Bruce (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2014)
      This Snapshot is about the generalization of ">" from ordinary numbers to so-called fields. At the end, I will touch on some ideas in recent research.
    • What is pattern? 

      [SNAP-2022-009-EN] Baake, Michael; Grimm, Uwe; Moody, Robert V. (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2022-10-25)
      Pattern is ubiquitous and seems totally familiar. Yet if we ask what it is, we find a bewildering collection of answers. Here we suggest that there is a common thread, and it revolves around dynamics.
    • Wie steuert man einen Kran? 

      [SNAP-2016-007-DE] Altmann, Robert; Heiland, Jan (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2016)
      Die Steuerung einer Last an einem Kran ist ein technisch und mathematisch schwieriges Problem, da die Bewegung der Last nur indirekt beeinflusst werden kann. Anhand eines Masse-Feder-Systems illustrieren wir diese ...
    • The Willmore Conjecture 

      [SNAP-2016-011-EN] Nowaczyk, Nikolai (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2016)
      The Willmore problem studies which torus has the least amount of bending energy. We explain how to think of a torus as a donut-shaped surface and how the intuitive notion of bending has been studied by mathematics over time.
    • Winkeltreue zahlt sich aus 

      [SNAP-2017-001-DE] Günther, Felix (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2017-08-23)
      Nicht nur Seefahrerinnen, auch Computergrafikerinnen und Physikerinnen wissen Winkeltreue zu schätzen. Doch beschränkte Rechenkapazitäten und Vereinfachungen in theoretischen Modellen erfordern es, winkeltreue Abbildungen ...
    • Zero-dimensional symmetry 

      [SNAP-2015-003-EN] Willis, George (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2015)
      This snapshot is about zero-dimensional symmetry. Thanks to recent discoveries we now understand such symmetry better than previously imagined possible. While still far from complete, a picture of zero-dimensional symmetry ...
    • Zopfgruppen, die Yang–Baxter-Gleichung und Unterfaktoren 

      [SNAP-2021-005-DESNAP-2021-005-EN] Lechner, Gandalf (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2021-06-24)
      Die Yang–Baxter-Gleichung ist eine faszinierende Gleichung, die in vielen Gebieten der Physik und der Mathematik auftritt und die am besten diagrammatisch dargestellt wird. Dieser Snapshot schlägt einen weiten Bogen ...