• Aperiodic Order and Spectral Properties 

      [SNAP-2017-003-EN] Baake, Michael; Damanik, David; Grimm, Uwe (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2017-09-14)
      Periodic structures like a typical tiled kitchen floor or the arrangement of carbon atoms in a diamond crystal certainly possess a high degree of order. But what is order without periodicity? In this snapshot, we are ...
    • Arrangements of lines 

      [SNAP-2014-005-EN] Harbourne, Brian; Szemberg, Tomasz (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2014)
      We discuss certain open problems in the context of arrangements of lines in the plane.
    • Billard und ebene Flächen 

      [SNAP-2015-001-DE] Davis, Diana (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2015)
      Billard, die Zick-Zack-Bewegungen eines Balls auf einem Tisch, ist ein reichhaltiges Feld gegenwärtiger mathematischer Forschung. In diesem Artikel diskutieren wir Fragen und Antworten zum Thema Billard, und zu dem damit ...
    • Billiards and flat surfaces 

      [SNAP-2015-001-EN] Davis, Diana (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2015)
      Billiards, the study of a ball bouncing around on a table, is a rich area of current mathematical research. We discuss questions and results on billiards, and on the related topic of flat surfaces.
    • Biological shape analysis with geometric statistics and learning 

      [SNAP-2022-008-EN] Utpala, Saiteja; Miolane, Nina (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2022-10-25)
      The advances in biomedical imaging techniques have enabled us to access the 3D shapes of a variety of structures: organs, cells, proteins. Since biological shapes are related to physiological functions, shape data may hold ...
    • Braid groups, the Yang–Baxter equation, and subfactors 

      [SNAP-2021-005-EN] Lechner, Gandalf (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2021)
      The Yang–Baxter equation is a fascinating equation that appears in many areas of physics and mathematics and is best represented diagramatically. This snapshot connects the mathematics of braiding hair to the Yang–Baxter ...
    • Characterizations of intrinsic volumes on convex bodies and convex functions 

      [SNAP-2022-011-EN] Mussnig, Fabian (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2022-12-08)
      If we want to express the size of a two-dimensional shape with a number, then we usually think about its area or circumference. But what makes these quantities so special? We give an answer to this question in terms of ...
    • Charakterisierungen von inneren Volumina auf konvexen Körpern und konvexen Funktionen 

      [SNAP-2022-011-DE] Mussnig, Fabian (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2023)
      Wenn wir die Größe einer zweidimensionalen Form mittels einer Zahl ausdrücken wollen, dann denken wir gewöhnlich an ihren Flächeninhalt oder ihren Umfang. Aber was macht diese Kennzahlen so besonders? Wir beantworten diese ...
    • Closed geodesics on surfaces 

      [SNAP-2022-013-EN] Dozier, Benjamin (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2022-12-08)
      We consider surfaces of three types: the sphere, the torus, and many-holed tori. These surfaces naturally admit geometries of positive, zero, and negative curvature, respectively. It is interesting to study straight line ...
    • Closed geodesics on surfaces and Riemannian manifolds 

      [SNAP-2017-005-EN] Radeschi, Marco (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2017-12-07)
      Geodesics are special paths in surfaces and so-called Riemannian manifolds which connect close points in the shortest way. Closed geodesics are geodesics which go back to where they started. In this snapshot we talk ...
    • The codimension 

      [SNAP-2018-009-EN] Lerario, Antonio (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2018-06-19)
      In this snapshot we discuss the notion of codimension, which is, in a sense, “dual” to the notion of dimension and is useful when studying the relative position of one object insider another one.
    • Configuration spaces and braid groups 

      [SNAP-2019-011-EN] Jiménez Rolland, Rita; Xicoténcatl, Miguel A. (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2019-10-08)
      In this snapshot we introduce configuration spaces and explain how a mathematician studies their ‘shape’. This will lead us to consider paths of configurations and braid groups, and to explore how algebraic properties of ...
    • Curvatura escalar positiva y aplicaciones 

      [SNAP-2019-004-ES] Rosenberg, Jonathan; Wraith, David (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2021)
      Introducimos la idea de curvatura, incluyendo su desarrollo histórico, y nos enfocamos en la curvatura escalar de una variedad. Uno de los temas principales de investigación actual es entender la curvatura escalar positiva. ...
    • Describing distance: from the plane to spectral triples 

      [SNAP-2021-009-EN] Arici, Francesca; Mesland, Bram (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2021-12-31)
      Geometry draws its power from the abstract structures that govern the shapes found in the real world. These abstractions often provide deeper insights into the underlying mathematical objects. In this snapshot, we give a ...
    • Espacios de métricas Riemannianas 

      [SNAP-2017-010-ES] Bustamante, Mauricio; Kordaß, Jan-Bernhard (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2021)
      Las métricas riemannianas dan a las variedades suaves, como las superficies, propiedades geométricas intrínsecas, por ejemplo la curvatura. También permiten medir cantidades como distancias, ángulos y volúmenes. Estas son ...
    • Estimating the volume of a convex body 

      [SNAP-2018-015-EN] Baldin, Nicolai (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2018-12-30)
      Sometimes the volume of a convex body needs to be estimated, if we cannot calculate it analytically. We explain how statistics can be used not only to approximate the volume of the convex body, but also its shape.
    • Expander graphs and where to find them 

      [SNAP-2019-016-EN] Khukhro, Ana (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2019-11-22)
      Graphs are mathematical objects composed of a collection of “dots” called vertices, some of which are joined by lines called edges. Graphs are ideal for visually representing relations between things, and mathematical ...
    • Felder und Räume: Symmetrie und Lokalität in Mathematik und theoretischen Wissenschaften 

      [SNAP-2023-003-DE] Saberi, Ingmar (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2023-09-19)
      Wir werden einige grundlegende Ideen der Eichtheorie und der dazugehörigen Differentialtopologie erkunden. Damit kann sich die Leserin ein Bild des Modulraums flacher Zusammenhänge machen und ihn mit den physikalisch ...
    • A few shades of interpolation 

      [SNAP-2017-007-EN] Szpond, Justyna (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2017-12-07)
      The topic of this snapshot is interpolation. In the ordinary sense, interpolation means to insert something of a different nature into something else. In mathematics, interpolation means constructing new data points ...
    • Fibrés de Higgs sans géométrie 

      [SNAP-2020-008-FR] Rayan, Steven; Schaposnik, Laura P. (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2024-03-05)
      Les fibrés de Higgs sont apparus il y a quelques décennies comme solutions de certaines équations en physique, et ils ont attiré beaucoup d’attention en géométrie comme dans d’autres domaines des mathématiques et de la ...