• Plethysms, replicated Schur functions and series, with applications to vertex operators 

      [OWP-2010-12] Fauser, Bertfried; Jarvis, Peter D.; King, Ronald C. (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2010-03-14)
      Specializations of Schur functions are exploited to define and evaluate the Schur functions $s_\lambda [\alpha X]$ and plethysms $s_\lambda [\alpha s_\nu(X))]$ for any $\alpha$-integer, real or complex. Plethysms are then ...
    • Plethystic Vertex Operators and Boson-Fermion Correspondences 

      [OWP-2016-11] Fauser, Bertfried; Jarvis, Peter D.; King, Ronald C. (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2016-06-17)
      We study the algebraic properties of plethystic vertex operators, introduced in J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 43 405202 (2010), underlying the structure of symmetric functions associated with certain generalized universal ...
    • Pointwise hyperbolicity implies uniform hyperbolicity 

      [OWP-2009-06] Hasselblatt, Boris; Pesin, Yakov B.; Schmeling, Jörg (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2009-02-23)
      We provide a general mechanism for obtaining uniform information from pointwise data. A sample result is that if a diffeomorphism of a compact Riemannian manifold has pointwise expanding and contracting continuous invariant ...
    • Polynomiality, wall crossings and tropical geometry of rational double hurwitz cycles 

      [OWP-2012-13] Bertram, Aaron; Cavalieri, Renzo; Markwig, Hannah (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2012-12-04)
      We study rational double Hurwitz cycles, i.e. loci of marked rational stable curves admitting a map to the projective line with assigned ramification profiles over two fixed branch points. Generalizing the phenomenon ...
    • Positive Line Bundles Over the Irreducible Quantum Flag Manifolds 

      [OWP-2020-01] Díaz García, Fredy; Krutov, Andrey; Ó Buachalla, Réamonn; Somberg, Petr; Strung, Karen R. (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2020-02-03)
      Noncommutative Kähler structures were recently introduced by the third author as a framework for studying noncommutative Kähler geometry on quantum homogeneous spaces. It was subsequently observed that the notion of a ...
    • Positive Margins and Primary Decomposition 

      [OWP-2012-06] Kahle, Thomas; Rauh, Johannes; Sullivant, Seth (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2012)
      We study random walks on contingency tables with fixed marginals, corresponding to a (log-linear) hierarchical model. If the set of allowed moves is not a Markov basis, then there exist tables with the same marginals that ...
    • Positive recurrence of piecewise Orntein-Uhlenbeck processes and common quadratic Lyapunov functions 

      [OWP-2011-26] Dieker, A. B.; Gao, Xuefeng (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2011)
      We study the positive recurrence of piecewise Ornstein-Uhlenbeck (OU) diffusion processes, which arise from many-server queueing systems with phase-type service requirements. These diffusion processes exhibit different ...
    • Positivity of the T-system cluster algebra 

      [OWP-2009-21] Di Francesco, Philippe; Kedem, Rinat (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2009-03-14)
      We give the path model solution for the cluster algebra variables of the $A_r$ T-system with generic boundary conditions. The solutions are partition functions of (strongly) non-intersecting paths on weighted graphs. The ...
    • A potential reduction algorithm for two-person zero-sum mean payoff stochastic games 

      [OWP-2015-19] Boros, Endre; Elbassioni, Khaled; Gurvich, Vladimir; Makino, Kazuhisa (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2015)
      We suggest a new algorithm for two-person zero-sum undiscounted stochastic games focusing on stationary strategies. Given a positive real $\epsilon$, let us call a stochastic game $\epsilon$-ergodic, if its values from any ...
    • Preconditioning of Block Tridiagonal Matrices 

      [OWP-2008-05] Axelsson, Owe; Karatson, Janos (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2008-03-09)
      Preconditioning methods via approximate block factorization for block tridiagonal matrices are studied. Bounds for the resulting condition numbers are given, and two methods for the recursive construction of the approximate ...
    • Prediction and Quantification of Individual Athletic Performance 

      [OWP-2015-11] Blythe, Duncan A. J.; Király, Franz J. (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2015-08-27)
      We present a novel, quantitative view on the human athletic performance of individuals. We obtain a predictor for athletic running performances, a parsimonious model, and a training state summary consisting of three numbers, ...
    • Products of pairs of Dehn twists and maximal real Lefschetz fibrations 

      [OWP-2011-32] Degtyarev, Alex; Salepci, Nermin (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2011)
      We address the problem of existence and uniqueness of a factorization of a given element of the modular group into a product of two Dehn twists. As a geometric application, we conclude that any maximal real elliptic ...
    • Proof mining in metric fixed point theory and ergodic theory 

      [OWP-2009-05] Leuştean, Laurenţiu (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2009)
      In this survey we present some recent applications of proof mining to the fixed point theory of (asymptotically) nonexpansive mappings and to the metastability (in the sense of Terence Tao) of ergodic averages in uniformly ...
    • The Pseudo-Hyperresolution and Applications 

      [OWP-2017-17] Nguyen, The Cuong (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2017-07-04)
      Resolving objects in an abelian category by injective (projective) resolutions is a fundamental problem in mathematics, and this article aims at introducing a particular solution called “Pseudo-hyperresolutions”. This ...
    • A Pseudo-Polynomial Algorithm for Mean Payoff Stochastic Games with Perfect Information and Few Random Positions 

      [OWP-2015-20] Boros, Endre; Elbassioni, Khaled; Gurvich, Vladimir; Makino, Kazuhisa (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2015)
      We consider two-person zero-sum stochastic mean payoff games with perfect information, or BWR-games, given by a digraph $G = (V,E)$, with local rewards $r : E \to \mathbb{Z}$, and three types of positions: black $V_B$, ...
    • A Quantitative Analysis of the “Lion-Man” Game 

      [OWP-2019-18] Kohlenbach, Ulrich; López-Acedo, Genaro; Nicolae, Adriana (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2019-07-08)
      In this paper we analyze, based on an interplay between ideas and techniques from logic and geometric analysis, a pursuit-evasion game. More precisely, we focus on a discrete lion and man game with an $\varepsilon$-capture ...
    • Quantities that frequency-dependent selection maximizes 

      [OWP-2008-18] Matessi, Carlo; Schneider, Kristian (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2008-03-18)
      We consider a model of frequency-dependent selection, to which we refer as the Wildcard Model, that accommodates as particular cases a number of diverse models of biologically specific situations. Two very different ...
    • Quotients of Index Two and General Quotients in a Space of Orderings 

      [OWP-2011-36] Gladki, Pawel; Marshall, Murray (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2011-05-30)
      In this paper we investigate quotient structures and quotient spaces of a space of orderings arising from subgroups of index two. We provide necessary and sufficient conditions for a quotient structure to be a quotient ...
    • Random dynamics of transcendental functions 

      [OWP-2014-12] Mayer, Volker; Urbański, Mariusz (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2014-08-20)
      This work concerns random dynamics of hyperbolic entire and meromorphic functions of finite order and whose derivative satisfies some growth condition at infinity. This class contains most of the classical families of ...
    • Rate of Convergence of the Density Estimation of Regression Residual 

      [OWP-2012-08] Györfi, László; Walk, Harro (Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, 2012)
      Consider the regression problem with a response variable $Y$ and with a $d$-dimensional feature vector $X$. For the regression function $m(x) = \mathbb{E}\{Y|X = x\}$, this paper investigates methods for estimating the ...